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MONUMENTS | MONUMENT VETERAN MEDAN | MONUMENT I GUSTI NGURAH RAI BALI | MONUMENT SIGEH PENGUTEN LAMPUNG

MONUMEN I GUSTI NGURAH RAI
Located at Main Gate Bali Airport "Ngurah Rai International Airport"
Built on June 2009


SYNOPSIS | BUILDING PROCESS | OFFICIAL CEREMONY BY THE MINISTER OF TRANSPORTATION OF INDONESIA “IR. JUSMAN SYAFII DJAMAL”

SYNOPSIS
I GUSTI NGURAH RAI FOR MONUMENT
OFFICIAL APPOINTMENT
I GUSTI NGURAH RAI IN AIRPORT NGURAH RAI BALI
By :
Drs. Bambang Adi Pramono
Ira Banuboro, SSr.

MONUMEN I GUSTI NGURAH RAI

MONUMENT I GUSTI NGURAH RAI
Lieutenant Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai was born in 1917 and die as Nation Patriot in 1946. His position as Leader of Indonesia Republic Army Sunda Kecil. He was also as Leader of General Base Indonesia People Struggle Board Sunda Kecil. With his position, then he had authorized for region of Bali and Sunda Kecil (Nusa Tenggara).

I Gusti Ngurah Rai also well-known as a brave patriot. His bravery and greatness was not a metaphor but in its truth, mean he really had a brilliant attitude. The attitude stated in daily life. Set of this bravery attitude was his persistence in building life correctly, struggling idealism in glorious, spreading love to others sincerely. Then Mr. Rai become respected leader. For instance, if all troops do not yet get drink, then he will not drink also. He also left wife and children for alone to struggle obtaining bigger, for people, nation and state.

As commander, he also so distinct, the following is his words quoted from Ketut Widjana's experience when in war together : If you all do not want get unity and unite army, then kill me. This words really awaken awareness all leaders and members of army, all silent, stands, whilst Mr. Rai so strong like Agung Mountain.

Anything on I Gusti Ngurah Rai really reasonable to be model, it is not quite that thing. Then achievement as Nation Patriot represents admiration for his services for sacrificing his body and soul for this nation.

In Tabanan, on that day, November 20th 1946, in village Marga, in the morning heard a shot fire. The fire more heard frequently, and getting sporadically. Troops Ciung Wanara was on weapon conflict with Dutch army. Troops Ciung Wanara lead directly by I Gusti Ngurah Rai. They were on minimum situation, after a long time and far doing long march Agung Mountain, that is, strategy I Gusti Ngurah Rai to move Dutch’s attention, in order military assist came from Java did not blocked by Dutch. But existence of this troops smelled by Dutch, then they were surrounded. In tight squeeze, all our patriots fought, and occurred shot fires each others. many Dutch’s troops got shot. Call on midday, shot fire got fallen calm by the winning of Ciung Wanara. But for a moment, came soldiery assist in Dutch side. Dutch soldier came with more troops, a better weapon equipments even also air attack. All our patriots got more recessive. Until noon, on the time, one of our patriots, I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Sugianyar got shot and die that time. This made all members Ciung Wanara mad and be determined to have revenge. Then I Gusti Ngurah Rai loudly yelled Puputan. All at once all troops had war persevering. The greatness of Ciung Wanara scared by Dutch made these soldiers got more unceasing attacked all patriots. Got recessive and more, one by one all our patriots got shot and die. They die around yard of Temple Pahlawan Margarana, great temple surrounded by five Temple Bentar, wile I Gusti Ngurah Rai die near Statue Panca Bakti.
Troops Ciung Wanara lead by I Gusti Ngurah Rai die entirely, they all in numbers 96 members. While NICA noted, there were 300 soldiers in dead shot.

BOLT POSITION

MONUMENT I GUSTI NGURAH RAI
Today we all respect and remember back Brigadier General I Gusti Ngurah Rai. This memory will be perpetuated by establishing monument to remember his services. This Patriots Monument as commemoration to all of us, the next generation, to follow glorious values of him. This monument context is statue art work, by figure portrait I Gusti Ngurah Rai.

The context is precise on statue art discipline as follows : this type of monument is the ultimate lifesize or over lifesize expression, carried to its public paroxysm, of the social dream of being remembered and admired by posterity, (Xavier Barral I Altet).

Statue art is an art work represents any language even more than can be said, statue art reveal its own artistic values but also philosophy message about patriotic values on Indonesian nation struggle context, particularly Bali lead by I Gusti Ngurah Rai. This thing also enclosed on theoretic study on statue art artistic values as : Art combined with useful. Art by itself was still too daring an idea, except when the utilitarian was contained within the statue, as it were, in the form of a political massage, (Anne Pingeot).

This statue art artistic aspect can be accurately viewed its visualization, in self portrait realism style, expressed on same figure with fact, even with similar character also. Therefore, this statue really represents self portrait of I Gusti Ngurah Rai and also following the similar character. Then if his character is calm, this work also come in physically style with more minimal. Authority as military soldier supported by similar military uniform with wore when he struggled. To reach the artistic visual values, artists, on this matter, statue maker learn character on context. All things technically and statue construction as glorious establishment has accuracy and a very specific way.

Sculpture I Gusti Ngurah Rai done in time ± 5 months. Construction work started from December 5th 2008 and finished on April 14th 2009. This statue work through 2 complicated stages, from stage I, that is construction, model making, negative print making from fiber, positive model making from fiber until Stage II that is bronze pouring process that is complicated also with Stage I. Work Stage II started from print making from silica sand material until fusion process from any other materials : brass, white tin, seed zinc, copper with correct comparison, so its mix from materials forms a new material in form of bronze represents material for making statue I Gusti Ngurah Rai. These stages also covers welding pieces of bronze print result until coloring process.

ACUAN PATUNG NGURAH RAIREFERENCES

Statue model making also conducted by several Bali and Yogyakarta artists among others : Drs. Bambang Adi Pramono, Komang Labda, SSn., Drs. Anusapati, MFa., helped by several other artists from Yogyakarta. Statue making location chosen is in Yogyakarta based on cost efficiency consideration and model working is made in Sidoarum, Godean, Yogyakarta and bronze pouring is done in Village Selarong, Bantul, Yogyakarta.
Working process involved 3 groups traditional metal pourer Village Selarong under coordination Juyan. Statue pouring process is pure by traditionally way that it is now proven its quality, i.e. by establishing monuments with bronze statue materials spread around Indonesia made in village Selarong, Bantul - Yogyakarta.

By high of statue 8 M added with vustek/base 11,4 M, it is expected this monument can attracted pedestrians attention generally and saying WELCOME also GOODBYE to guests of Ngurah Rai Airport Bali.

Existence of this monument is not only for us as Indonesia Nation, but internationally. Glorious values done by I Gusti Ngurah Rai and expressed on this statue art work become importance thing to be viewed by all nations in the world. Moreover this monument is established in International Airport Ngurah Rai, that is international scope context. And Bali is a island that visited a lot by international society.

Then this monument also represents an answer for Indonesia nation degree. By this monument, our nation degree as glorious nation keep maintained; Indonesia nation is a nation that highly adores patriotic values, sovereignty, anti oppression. And so, Indonesia nation is a prestige nation in international forum. And a big nation is a nation respect their patriots.

How glorious what have been done by these patriots. This nation obtained a supreme gift from all its patriots. It is wisely if the next generation fill this independence by sincerity applied to highly adore nation degree. Hopefully God always bless this nation, Indonesia nation and also surely for beloved Bali island, beautiful god Island. Freedom!!!

[translated by Bambang Adi Pramono]

 

 

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